The Book of Micah: The Incomparable God

Micah’s Context: Micah's preaching (prophetic ministry) overlapped with the reign of three kings, covering a period of roughly fifty-five years (1:1). As a contemporary of the prophets Hosea and Amos, Micah witnessed a nation that was simultaneously at its zenith economically and spiraling into spiritual darkness. However, the people were oblivious to their spiritual depravity... Continue Reading →

The Minor Prophets: The Twelve as One Book

The Minor Prophets (“The Twelve”) as One Book[1] In the Hebrew canon of Scripture, the modern thirty-nine books of the Old Testament were categorized as twenty-four books. The twelve books commonly referred to as “The Minor Prophets” were arranged in the Hebrew Bible to function as one book that unfolded in twelve parts (cf. Acts... Continue Reading →

The 12 “Minor” Prophets: Who Were They?

Who were the Twelve Messengers commonly referred to as the Minor Prophets? The Minor Prophets reveal that God uses a diverse group of individuals to communicate His promises. These messengers come from different backgrounds and employ a variety of styles to declare God’s Word. However different they may be, the prophets demonstrate a unity in... Continue Reading →

Nahum: The Incomprehensible Power of God

Nahum’s Context: The prophetic ministry of Nahum takes place sometime between Jonah’s ministry and the fall of Nineveh (a major Assyrian city) in 612 B.C. Although it is difficult to provide the precise years of his ministry, Nahum does offer a significant clue in his description of the fall of the Egyptian capital to the... Continue Reading →

Haggai: The God Who Is Worthy of Worship

Haggai’s Context: Haggai’s brief prophetic ministry takes place shortly after Israel returns from Babylonian captivity (cf. Ezra 1-6). The people returned to a city in ruins, a citizenry impoverished by years of foreign oppression, and fierce opposition from the Samaritans. These circumstances caused widespread complacency toward worship. Instead of rebuilding the Temple, which represented the... Continue Reading →

Obadiah: The God Who Delivers the Oppressed

Obadiah’s Context: Although the precise era in which Obadiah prophesied is unknown, it is likely that he ministered during the Exile of Judah (Southern Tribes) by the Babylonians. The situation in Obadiah is like that mentioned in Lamentations (4:18-22) and Ezekiel (25:12-14; 35:1-15), which could indicate a similar time period. If so, Edom had supported... Continue Reading →

Malachi: The God Who Remembers & Restores

Malachi’s Context: The last of the post-exilic prophets is commissioned to preach to people who had taken for granted God's amazing power and grace. Although they had physically returned from foreign captivity, their minds were still spiritually darkened and their hearts remained cold toward worship. Over time, the people and the priests had become complacent... Continue Reading →

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