Nahum: The Incomprehensible Power of God

Nahum’s Context: The prophetic ministry of Nahum takes place sometime between Jonah’s ministry and the fall of Nineveh (a major Assyrian city) in 612 B.C. Although it is difficult to provide the precise years of his ministry, Nahum does offer a significant clue in his description of the fall of the Egyptian capital to the... Continue Reading →

Haggai: The God Who Is Worthy of Worship

Haggai’s Context: Haggai’s brief prophetic ministry takes place shortly after Israel returns from Babylonian captivity (cf. Ezra 1-6). The people returned to a city in ruins, a citizenry impoverished by years of foreign oppression, and fierce opposition from the Samaritans. These circumstances caused widespread complacency toward worship. Instead of rebuilding the Temple, which represented the... Continue Reading →

Obadiah: The God Who Delivers the Oppressed

Obadiah’s Context: Although the precise era in which Obadiah prophesied is unknown, it is likely that he ministered during the Exile of Judah (Southern Tribes) by the Babylonians. The situation in Obadiah is like that mentioned in Lamentations (4:18-22) and Ezekiel (25:12-14; 35:1-15), which could indicate a similar time period. If so, Edom had supported... Continue Reading →

Malachi: The God Who Remembers & Restores

Malachi’s Context: The last of the post-exilic prophets is commissioned to preach to people who had taken for granted God's amazing power and grace. Although they had physically returned from foreign captivity, their minds were still spiritually darkened and their hearts remained cold toward worship. Over time, the people and the priests had become complacent... Continue Reading →

Habakkuk: The God Who Answers

Habakkuk’s Context: The prophetic ministry of Habakkuk likely takes place several decades before the Exile. He witnessed the Chaldeans rise to a regional superpower and their subsequent conquest of the surrounding nations (1:6; 2:15-17). The situation in Israel was dire and it would only get worse as the Chaldeans grew in strength. At this point... Continue Reading →

Jonah: The God Who Loves the Nations

Jonah’s Context: Jonah’s entire preaching ministry is recorded in one sentence, "Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown!” (Jonah 3:4b) Unlike the other minor prophets, the Book of Jonah is not a written record of the prophet’s preaching, but instead is a short biographical record of a unique period of the prophet’s ministry. The nature... Continue Reading →

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