What’s it all about? Paul is answering the question, “Who are the children of God?” Those who, regardless of their nationality, ethnicity, gender, or social status, profess faith in the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ are the children of God. In answering this question, Paul proclaims that all barriers (ethnic, gender, socioeconomic, etc.) are removed in Christ.
…for in Christ Jesus you are all sons of God, through faith. For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is no male and female, for you are all one in Christ Jesus. And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s offspring, heirs according to promise. (Galatians 3:26-29 ESV)
So what? As fallen and rebellious creatures, we have created numerous ways to separate and divide ourselves. However, Jesus Christ came to create one body of believers from every nation, ethnicity, social status, etc. This one body of diverse believers is a testimony of the greatness and glory of God. For His sake and by His grace, Christians must unite together to proclaim and display the gospel.
Questions from the Text:
1. Who are the children of God (3:26-27)?
2. What barriers are removed when we become part of the body of Christ (3:28)?
3. How can Christians celebrate both the theological unity and the vast ethnic and cultural diversity of the body of Christ?
Now, what? On the one hand, Christians must recognize and celebrate the diversity that exists within God’s creation. Every culture and people group have unique attributes that can be used to glorify God. On the other hand, Christians must proclaim that true unity exists only in Jesus Christ.
Small Group Questions – Scripture: Galatians 3:28; 1st Corinthians 12:1-31
1. What is the body of Christ? How is this metaphor used to communicate the theological truths of Galatians 3 and 1 Corinthians 12?
2. What are spiritual gifts?
3. How are spiritual gifts distributed in the body of Christ?
4. What are the primary purposes of spiritual gifts?
5. How does the metaphor of the human body illustrate the Church in relation to spiritual gifts?
6. Explain the relationship between spiritual gifts and unity in the Church.